The numismatic exhibition Coins and Medals on the Polish Territory from the 10th to the 20th c. was organised entirely from the collections of the National Museum in Lublin.
The part relating to the history of money includes the coins that were in use in Poland from the beginning of the Polish state until 1989, i.e. until the end of the Polish People’s Republic. In chronological order, it includes the issues by Polish rulers until 1795, as well as the most popular foreign coins circulating in Poland at that time, such as: medieval Western European denarii, Prague and Meissen grosz, Teutonic schillings, Hungarian ducats as well as Western European thalers and Saxon issues by the Wettins. Next, coins from the years of partitions were presented, including the Duchy of Warsaw (1807–1815) and the Congress Poland, the times of World War I, then the Second Polish Republic and the Free City of Gdańsk, and the period of German occupation. At the end, circulation coins and collector series issued during the times of the Polish People’s Republic are shown. Only a few coins, important to illustrate the history of the Polish coinage, were replaced due to the lack of originals with authentic copies, made on the basis of originals from the collection of the Numismatic Cabinet of the National Museum in Kraków. Moreover, the exhibition presents two group finds of coins from the Lublin region, popularly known as the treasures. The first one consists of cross denarii hidden probably at the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries, while the next one contains a collection of thaler coins deposited at the beginning of the 18th century.
The exhibition relating to the history of medal-making is also formed in a chronological order. It presents the development of the art of medals, starting with its appearance in Poland during the period of Zygmunt I the Old (1506–1548), through the reigns of subsequent rulers, the times of partitions, the period of the Second Polish Republic, until the end of the 20th century. When looking at the displayed medals, medallions and plaques as products of artistic activity, it is worth remembering that they form a cetrain gallery of mementos to people and events related to the history of our nation. Over the centuries, they were used to commemorate rulers, outstanding leaders, people of science and culture, and to record important events and anniversaries. A separate place at the exhibition was given to medals thematically related to Lublin and the Lublin region, as well as a group of contemporary works, the so-called author’s medals – made according to the casting technique in small amounts, the form of which most fully expresses the artistic freedom of the creators.